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Advanced View Positioning

center2 rotation2 openstreetmap21

(best fit).
(with min resolution),

This example demonstrates how a map's view can be adjusted so a geometry or coordinate is positioned at a specific pixel location.

This example demonstrates how a map's view can be adjusted so a geometry or coordinate is positioned at a specific pixel location. The map above has top, right, bottom, and left padding applied inside the viewport. The view's fit method is used to fit a geometry in the view with the same padding. The view's centerOn method is used to position a coordinate (Lausanne) at a specific pixel location (the center of the black box).

Use Alt+Shift+Drag to rotate the map.

Note: This example does not shift the view center. So the zoom controls and rotating the map will still use the center of the viewport as anchor. To shift the whole view based on a padding, use the padding option on the view, as shown in the view-padding.html example.

main.js
import 'ol/ol.css';
import GeoJSON from 'ol/format/GeoJSON';
import Map from 'ol/Map';
import View from 'ol/View';
import {Circle as CircleStyle, Fill, Stroke, Style} from 'ol/style';
import {OSM, Vector as VectorSource} from 'ol/source';
import {Tile as TileLayer, Vector as VectorLayer} from 'ol/layer';

/** @type {VectorSource<import("../src/ol/geom/SimpleGeometry.js").default>} */
const source = new VectorSource({
  url: 'data/geojson/switzerland.geojson',
  format: new GeoJSON(),
});
const style = new Style({
  fill: new Fill({
    color: 'rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.6)',
  }),
  stroke: new Stroke({
    color: '#319FD3',
    width: 1,
  }),
  image: new CircleStyle({
    radius: 5,
    fill: new Fill({
      color: 'rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.6)',
    }),
    stroke: new Stroke({
      color: '#319FD3',
      width: 1,
    }),
  }),
});
const vectorLayer = new VectorLayer({
  source: source,
  style: style,
});
const view = new View({
  center: [0, 0],
  zoom: 1,
});
const map = new Map({
  layers: [
    new TileLayer({
      source: new OSM(),
    }),
    vectorLayer,
  ],
  target: 'map',
  view: view,
});

const zoomtoswitzerland = document.getElementById('zoomtoswitzerland');
zoomtoswitzerland.addEventListener(
  'click',
  function () {
    const feature = source.getFeatures()[0];
    const polygon = feature.getGeometry();
    view.fit(polygon, {padding: [170, 50, 30, 150]});
  },
  false
);

const zoomtolausanne = document.getElementById('zoomtolausanne');
zoomtolausanne.addEventListener(
  'click',
  function () {
    const feature = source.getFeatures()[1];
    const point = feature.getGeometry();
    view.fit(point, {padding: [170, 50, 30, 150], minResolution: 50});
  },
  false
);

const centerlausanne = document.getElementById('centerlausanne');
centerlausanne.addEventListener(
  'click',
  function () {
    const feature = source.getFeatures()[1];
    const point = feature.getGeometry();
    const size = map.getSize();
    view.centerOn(point.getCoordinates(), size, [570, 500]);
  },
  false
);
index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Advanced View Positioning</title>
    <!-- Pointer events polyfill for old browsers, see https://caniuse.com/#feat=pointer -->
    <script src="https://unpkg.com/elm-pep"></script>
    <!-- The line below is only needed for old environments like Internet Explorer and Android 4.x -->
    <script src="https://cdn.polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=fetch,requestAnimationFrame,Element.prototype.classList,URL,TextDecoder,Number.isInteger"></script>
    <style>
      .map {
        width: 100%;
        height:400px;
      }
      .mapcontainer {
        position: relative;
        margin-bottom: 20px;
      }
      .map {
        width: 1000px;
        height: 600px;
      }
      .map .ol-zoom {
        top: 178px;
        left: 158px;
      }
      .map .ol-rotate {
        top: 178px;
        right: 58px;
      }
      .map .ol-attribution,
      .map .ol-attribution.ol-uncollapsible {
        bottom: 30px;
        right: 50px;
      }
      .padding-top {
        position: absolute;
        top: 0;
        left: 0px;
        width: 1000px;
        height: 170px;
        background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
      }
      .padding-left {
        position: absolute;
        top: 170px;
        left: 0;
        width: 150px;
        height: 400px;
        background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
      }
      .padding-right {
        position: absolute;
        top: 170px;
        left: 950px;
        width: 50px;
        height: 400px;
        background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
      }
      .padding-bottom {
        position: absolute;
        top: 570px;
        left: 0px;
        width: 1000px;
        height: 30px;
        background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
      }
      .center {
        position: absolute;
        border: solid 1px black;
        top: 490px;
        left: 560px;
        width: 20px;
        height: 20px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="mapcontainer">
      <div id="map" class="map"></div>
      <div class="padding-top"></div>
      <div class="padding-left"></div>
      <div class="padding-right"></div>
      <div class="padding-bottom"></div>
      <div class="center"></div>
    </div>
    <button id="zoomtoswitzerland">Zoom to Switzerland</button> (best fit).<br/>
    <button id="zoomtolausanne">Zoom to Lausanne</button> (with min resolution),<br/>
    <button id="centerlausanne">Center on Lausanne</button>
    <script src="main.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>
package.json
{
  "name": "center",
  "dependencies": {
    "ol": "6.9.0"
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "parcel": "^2.0.0-beta.1"
  },
  "scripts": {
    "start": "parcel index.html",
    "build": "parcel build --public-url . index.html"
  }
}