Earthquakes Heatmap

heatmap1 kml9 vector79 style26 webgl17

Demonstrates the use of a heatmap layer.

This example parses a KML file and renders the features as a ol/layer/Heatmap layer.

import KML from 'ol/format/KML.js';
import Map from 'ol/Map.js';
import StadiaMaps from 'ol/source/StadiaMaps.js';
import VectorSource from 'ol/source/Vector.js';
import View from 'ol/View.js';
import {Heatmap as HeatmapLayer, Tile as TileLayer} from 'ol/layer.js';

const blur = document.getElementById('blur');
const radius = document.getElementById('radius');

const vector = new HeatmapLayer({
  source: new VectorSource({
    url: 'data/kml/2012_Earthquakes_Mag5.kml',
    format: new KML({
      extractStyles: false,
  blur: parseInt(blur.value, 10),
  radius: parseInt(radius.value, 10),
  weight: function (feature) {
    // 2012_Earthquakes_Mag5.kml stores the magnitude of each earthquake in a
    // standards-violating <magnitude> tag in each Placemark.  We extract it from
    // the Placemark's name instead.
    const name = feature.get('name');
    const magnitude = parseFloat(name.substr(2));
    return magnitude - 5;

const raster = new TileLayer({
  source: new StadiaMaps({
    layer: 'stamen_toner',

new Map({
  layers: [raster, vector],
  target: 'map',
  view: new View({
    center: [0, 0],
    zoom: 2,

blur.addEventListener('input', function () {
  vector.setBlur(parseInt(blur.value, 10));

radius.addEventListener('input', function () {
  vector.setRadius(parseInt(radius.value, 10));
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Earthquakes Heatmap</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="node_modules/ol/ol.css">
      .map {
        width: 100%;
        height: 400px;
    <div id="map" class="map"></div>
      <label for="radius">radius size</label>
      <input id="radius" type="range" min="1" max="50" step="1" value="5"/>
      <label for="blur">blur size</label>
      <input id="blur" type="range" min="1" max="50" step="1" value="15"/>

    <script type="module" src="main.js"></script>
  "name": "heatmap-earthquakes",
  "dependencies": {
    "ol": "9.2.4"
  "devDependencies": {
    "vite": "^3.2.3"
  "scripts": {
    "start": "vite",
    "build": "vite build"